Wednesday, 6 November 2013

Who Pays The Bills? (Part 3 of 5)

War generates a fantastic profit for a privileged few, but their gain has to come at the expense of others.  Read below to find out who.

"Who provides the profits -- these nice little profits of 20, 100, 300, 1,500 and 1,800 per cent?  We all pay them -- in taxation.  We paid the bankers their profits when we bought Liberty Bonds at $100.00 and sold them back at $84 or $86 to the bankers.  These bankers collected $100 plus.  It was a simple manipulation.  The bankers control the security marts.  It was easy for them to depress the price of these bonds.  Then all of us -- the people -- got frightened and sold the bonds at $84 or $86.  The bankers bought them.  Then these same bankers stimulated a boom and government bonds went to par -- and above.  Then the bankers collected their profits.

But the soldier pays the biggest part of the bill.

If you don't believe this, visit the American cemeteries on the battlefields abroad.  Or visit any of the veteran's hospitals in the United States.  On a tour of the country, in the midst of which I am at the time of this writing, I have visited eighteen government hospitals for veterans.  In them are a total of about 50,000 destroyed men -- men who were the pick of the nation eighteen years ago.  The very able chief surgeon at the government hospital; at Milwaukee, where there are 3,800 of the living dead, told me that mortality among veterans is three times as great as among those who stayed at home.

Boys with a normal viewpoint were taken out of the fields and offices and factories and classrooms and put into the ranks.  There they were remolded; they were made over; they were made to "about face"; to regard murder as the order of the day.  They were put shoulder to shoulder and, through mass psychology, they were entirely changed.  We used them for a couple of years and trained them to think nothing at all of killing or being killed.

Then, suddenly, we discharged them and told them to make another "about face"!  This time they had to do their own readjustment, sans [without] mass psychology, sans officers' aid and advice and sans nation-wide propaganda.  We didn't need them any more.  So we scattered them about without any "three-minute" or "Liberty Loan" speeches or parades.  Many, too many, of these fine young boys are eventually destroyed, mentally, because they could not make that final "about face" alone.

In the government hospital in Marion, Indiana, 1,800 of these boys are in pens!  Five hundred of them in a barracks with steel bars and wires all around outside the buildings and on the porches.  These already have been mentally destroyed.  These boys don't even look like human beings.  Oh, the looks on their faces!  Physically, they are in good shape; mentally, they are gone.

There are thousands and thousands of these cases, and more and more are coming in all the time.  The tremendous excitement of war, the sudden cutting off of that excitement -- the young boys couldn't stand it.

That's a part of the bill.  So much for the dead -- they have paid their part of the war profits.  So much for the mentally and physically wounded -- they are paying now their share of the war profits.  But the others paid, too -- they paid with heartbreaks when they tore themselves away from their fire sides and their families to don the uniform of Uncle Sam -- on which the profit had been made.  They paid another part in the training camps where they were regimented and drilled while others took their jobs and their places in the lives of their communities.  They paid for it in the trenches where they shot and were shot; where they were hungry for days at a time; where they slept in the mud and the cold and in the rain -- with the moans and shrieks of the dying for a horrible lullaby.

But don't forget -- the soldier paid part of the dollars and cents bill too.

His family pays too.  They pay it in the same heart-break that he does.  As he suffers, they suffer.  As nights, as he lay in the trenches and watched shrapnel burst about him, they lay home in their beds and tossed sleeplessly -- his father, his mother, his wife, his sisters, his brothers, his sons, and his daughters.

When he returned home minus an eye, or minus a leg or with his mind broken, they suffered too -- as much as and even sometimes more than he.  Yes, and they, too, contributed their dollars to the profits of the munitions makers and bankers and shipbuilders and the manufacturers and the speculators made.  They, too, bought Liberty Bonds and contributed to the profit of the bankers after the Armistice in the hocus-pocus of manipulated Liberty Bond prices.

And even now the families of the wounded men and of the mentally broken and those who never were able to readjust themselves are still suffering and still paying."

This section really emphasises the sacrifices made in both the war and home fronts.  This story, of destroyed men and exploited families, should be consigned to the pages of history yet the never ending wars show no signs of ending without radical change.  In Part 4, how to smash this racket, we look at how to end war profiteering, and with it, the vast majority of conflicts.

Part 1 - War is a racket
Part 2 - Who makes the profits?
Part 3 - Who pays the bills?
Part 4 - How to smash this racket!
Part 5 - To hell with war!

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